Understanding Arthritis: Types, Symptoms, and Treatment Options


Arthritis refers to conditions in the human body that affect the joints, causing joint inflammation, swelling, and pain. While elderly people are more prone to this condition, children under sixteen can also be affected. Let us learn about the types of arthritis, their signs, and treatment options.

Types of Arthritis:

Below mentioned are a few of the common types of arthritis:


Excess uric acid in the human body can form needle-like crystals in the joint causing inflammation and pain. This condition is called gout and majorly affects the big toe, knee, and wrist joints.

Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis

Majorly affecting hands and weight-bearing joints such as the knee, hip, and facet joints, osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis in patients. Osteoarthritis causes cartilage on the end of your bones to wear out, resulting in increased friction between bone ends. This is also known as degenerative joint disease and generally happens with age. Moreover, sports injuries like a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) or a fracture near a joint can also lead to osteoarthritis.

On the other hand, rheumatoid arthritis majorly affects hands, wrists, and knees. Here the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the joints causing the joint lining to swell. Often, rheumatoid arthritis can be severe and can spread to other parts of the body like skin, eyes and nerves.

Septic Arthritis

Septic arthritis occurs when a severe injury like trauma or animal bite causes germs to infect your joint and cartilage, causing pain and inflammation. 

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Also known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, this type of arthritis affects children under the age of 16. It can often cause growth problems, joint damage, and eye inflammation in children.

A few other types of arthritis are Psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, Reactive arthritis and Thumb arthritis.

Symptoms of Arthritis

Signs and symptoms of arthritis can vary from one person to another. While the most common sign of arthritis is pain and swelling, below mentioned are some other signs of arthritis that may be your indicator to visit the best ortho hospital in Nagercoil:

  • Swelling
  • Joint pain and Stiffness
  • Tenderness
  • Redness
  • Warmth
  • Joint deformity
  • Reduced movement

Arthritis Treatment Options

At Ponjesly Hospital, our main objective is to provide pain relief and enhance joint strength and mobility while reducing inflammation. We offer various treatment plans to help you regain your movement, including physical therapy, sufficient rest, hot or cold compression, joint protection, drugs, exercise, and surgery. 

As the leading Orthopedic hospital in Nagercoil, we focus on complete recovery and surgical and therapeutic intervention. We aim to offer arthritis treatment tailored to our patients’ specific requirements. Our surgeons work to develop innovative solutions to speed up patient recovery and reduce hospital stays. Book an appointment today.