Understanding Common Eye Conditions: Symptoms and Treatments

Common Eye Conditions

Eye conditions may affect all irrespective of their age or health condition. While a few conditions occur more frequently as one ages, others have no connection to timing. If the symptoms are ignored for too long they may also cause complete loss of vision in the long run. In this blog, we have listed some common eye conditions, including their symptoms and potential treatments. Keep in mind that this information is general, and specific cases may vary. It is important to always consult with an ophthalmology professional for precise diagnosis and case-specific treatment.

Refractive Errors

Symptoms: Blurred vision, eye strain, headaches, difficulty seeing objects up close or at a distance.

Treatments: Corrective lenses (glasses or contact lenses), refractive surgery (LASIK, PRK).


It is the clouding of your eye’s lens and is more common among people older than 50.

Symptoms: Cloudy or blurry vision, difficulty seeing at night, sensitivity to light, seeing halos around lights.

Treatment: Surgical removal of the cloudy lens and replacement with an artificial lens.


According to the experts, Glaucoma is caused by higher fluid pressure in the eyes which damages your optic nerve and may lead to blindness.

Symptoms: Gradual loss of peripheral vision, tunnel vision, eye pain, headaches, blurred vision.

Treatment: Medications (eye drops), laser therapy, surgery to improve drainage.

Macular Degeneration

In macular degeneration, the central area of your retina, called macula, is damaged causing vision loss among people older than 60.

Symptoms: Gradual loss of central vision, distorted or blurry vision, difficulty recognizing faces.

Treatment: Anti-VEGF injections, laser therapy, nutritional supplements.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetes-related retinopathy is caused due to continuous damage to blood vessels in the retina by high blood sugar levels.

Symptoms: Blurred or fluctuating vision, floaters, dark areas in vision, difficulty seeing at night.

Treatment: Control of diabetes, laser surgery, and vitrectomy in advanced cases.

Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

It is a common and highly contagious condition where the inside of your eyelid and the outer coating of your eye are inflamed.

Symptoms: Redness, itching, tearing, discharge, blurred vision.

Treatment: Bacterial conjunctivitis – antibiotics; Viral conjunctivitis – antiviral medications; Allergic conjunctivitis – antihistamines.


Our ophthalmology department opinionates that it is an eye condition affecting children that causes the eyes to cross.

Symptoms: Misaligned eyes, double vision, poor depth perception.

Treatment: Glasses, vision therapy, eye exercises, surgery in some cases.

Retinal Detachment

It is a serious eye condition caused by detachment of the retina from its underlying tissues which tether it.

Symptoms: Flashes of light, floaters, sudden onset of blurry vision, shadow or curtain over the field of vision.

Treatment: Emergency surgery to reattach the retina.

Regular eye examinations are crucial for early detection and treatment of eye conditions. As the best eye hospital in Nagercoil, we provide our patients with intensive care and tests to regain proper eye function. If you experience any vision changes contact us immediately to seek prompt attention from our expert ophthalmologists.